April 2015

Bonus CD: Music of the States—Washington

MUSIC OF THE STATES: WASHINGTON

Meets National Core Arts Anchor Standards 7, 9, and 11

Objectives

Perceive and analyze artistic work (Anchor Standard #7)

Apply criteria to evaluate artistic work (Anchor Standard #9)

Relate artistic ideas and works with societal, cultural and historical (Anchor Standard #11)

Materials

Worksheet 10: Scales…Intervals…Chords! (available at http://www.musicalive.com/images/ScalesIntervalsChords.pdf)

DEVELOP

  1. Play “It’s Been a Long, Long Time” by Bing Crosby with the Les Paul Trio

(CD track 2).

ASK

What time signature is this tune in? (4/4.)

Is the key major or minor key? (Major, specifically, C.)

Is the harmony simple or complex? (Complex, typical of numbers in the Great American Songbook.)

What’s the first instrument you hear? (Electric guitar.)

When the verse kicks in, is the electric guitar playing straight chords or arpeggios? (Arpeggios.)

In the verse, what other harmonic instrument do you hear, and what’s it doing? (An acoustic guitar is strummed in quarter notes.)

What other instrument do you hear? (Upright bass.)

Is it played arco (with the bow) or pizzicato (picked with the fingers), and on what beats? (Pizzicato; beats 1 and 3.)

 

  1. Play “Straight On” by Heart (CD track 3).

ASK

What time signature is this tune in? (4/4.)

Is it in a major or minor key? (Minor—B minor.)

What instruments do you hear in the beginning? (Electric guitar, electric bass, and drums.)

Which of these parts is most active? (The bass.)

On which beats does the guitar add accents? (Beats 1 and 3.)

What’s different about the guitar in the chorus (around 0:52)? (It now incorporates arpeggios, and if you listen closely you can hear that the electric is doubled by an acoustic, for an interesting texture.)

 

  1. Play “My Oh My” by Macklemore & Ryan Lewis (CD track 4).

ASK

What’s the very first thing you hear? (A tambourine being shaken.)

What time signature is the song in? (4/4.)

Is it in a major or minor key? (Major—D-flat major.)

How would you describe what the kick drum is doing in the intro? (It’s heard on beats 1 and 3—a quarter note on 1 and a pair of eighths on 3.)

What harmonic instrument do you hear? (Piano.)

The first chord on the piano is D-flat. How long is it played? (For four measures, a whole note in each bar.)

How would you describe the rhythms of the rapping—pretty straight, or highly syncopated? (The latter.)

Which of these three songs do you prefer—and why? (Subjective.)

CLOSE

  1. Hand out copies of the Scales…Intervals…Chords! worksheet. Have students complete it, working with the D<b>major scale on which the chord progression from “My Oh My” is built. Collect the worksheets and check them for accuracy.

 

ASSESS

Did the students discuss the three listening selections?

Did they complete the Scales…Intervals…Chords worksheet?